Gestalt therapy integrates the body and mind factors, by stressing awareness and integration. Integration of behaving, feelings, and thinking is the main goal in Gestalt therapy. Clients are viewed as having the ability to recognize how earlier life influences may have changed their lives.
The client is made aware of personal responsibility, how to avoid problems, to finish unfinished matters, to experience things in a positive light, and in the awareness of now. It is up to the therapist to help lead the client to awareness of moment-by-moment experiencing of life. Then to challenge the client to accept the responsibility of taking care of themselves rather then expecting others to do it.
Therapists may use confrontation, dream analysis, dialogue with polarities, or role-playing to reach their goals.
Martin Kantor in his book 'Distancing'(1993, Praeger Publishing) suggests it is important to move away from individual components of avoidance, such as fear of rejection or low self-esteem, and to study and treat the avoidant "gestalt" for which the proper treatment is avoidance reduction. Components of the psychoanalytic, cognitive behavioral, interpersonal, and supportive approaches that involve "doing" or action, are emphasized.