Group Therapy
While individuals with APD can benefit from cognitive, behavioural, interpersonal, or psychodynamic therapy, the confidence gained through supported social exposure is vital for significant change. Even though these clients believe themselves unable to tolerate the anxiety of the group process, they still long for relationships and need the skills that make the development and maintenance of relationships possible. Group therapy is the treatment modality of choice, but these individuals must be prepared for and supported through the entry into a group. Shame and self-doubt will make the initial group experience extremely difficult; a supportive contact with a trusted service provider to work through this process on an individual basis may be necessary for individuals with APD to successfully join a group.